The History of the Schengen Travel Zone
On June 14, 1985, leaders from France, Germany, Luxembourg, Netherlands and Belgium met in a Luxembourg village called Schengen. Their goal was to do away with internal border control for states in the European Union (EU), so working people in Europe could travel freely in and between any EU state. Schengen has often been held up as a cornerstone of the EU belief established after World War II for a peaceful and united Europe.
Five years later, in June of 1990, the same five countries met again and made the Schengen Agreement into the Schengen Area. The Schengen Area countries agreed to abolish internal border controls, accept one uniform visa valid for participating countries and create a single police database: the SIS, or the Schengen Information System. Between 1990 and 2011, the Schengen Area grew from five countries to 26. Some are in the EU and some are not, such as Iceland, Lichtenstein, Norway and Switzerland.
Since its beginnings, the Schengen Area has opened its borders to many other countries including the United States. The area has experienced a huge influx of travelers, making tighter security screenings necessary. That led to the creation of ETIAS, the European Travel Information and Authorization System. Going into effect January 1, 2021, ETIAS will allow visitors from ETIAS eligible countries to apply for ETIAS approval and travel visa-free.
The Schengen Travel Zone maintains its border-free beliefs, and traveling with an approved ETIAS will help you travel in and between participating Schengen countries more easily, as long as your trip is 90 days or less within a 180-day period.